How Artificial Intelligence Developing, Where Is It Headed? Artificial intelligence is suddenly ubiquitous (I saw it in an outdoor ad last week, launching a facial serum as an “AI serum” illustrates this quite dramatically)… Recently the capabilities of the new version of the intelligent chatbot ChatGPT have caused a wave of enthusiastic news in the media, you may have encountered AI in many different areas like this.
How Artificial Intelligence Developing, Where Is It Headed?
For years, artificial intelligence has been able to convert your internet searches to social media content or ads recommended to you; from voice-based digital assistants to driverless cars or autonomous delivery vehicles; It has triggered many applications in medicine, from personal treatment or drug studies to creating super hyper-realistic avatars from pictures.
But no technology has been similar to the popularity experienced in the last few months, especially in the last few months (except for the star of the metaverse that came to prominence last year, shining like a straw flame!). But AI didn’t just come out of nowhere, the foundations of this technology were laid 70 years ago by Alan Turing, who is described as the father of AI. Since the beginning of the first studies, the ultimate goal has been to get computers to behave like humans, and we are rapidly moving towards this conclusion…
Technology, economic impact, ethical and artificial intelligence!
Although it is not easy to make predictions about the future, especially in a way that puts technology at the center, AI will definitely continue to grow and develop in the future; It would not be wrong to say that it will play much more important roles in our lives and become an indispensable part of our lives. In addition to the wide range of uses and “disruptive” effect of AI; We are in a period where this important technology needs to be thought and discussed in more detail about how it is developed and how it is used in which areas.
Therefore, instead of approaching artificial intelligence in a populist way; Being aware that we are in the early stages of a new era in many aspects such as technology, economic impact, ethical and artificial intelligence policy development, we should analyze artificial intelligence correctly, try to understand how we can use it in our work and work and think about this important trend…
Not only will AI make certain jobs redundant, creating new ones, but it will also change the way you do business, no matter what your business is…
As AI continues to automate tasks and processes in businesses, it makes certain tasks redundant. According to a study by the World Economic Forum, artificial intelligence and automation are expected to destroy about 85 million jobs by 2025. In comparison, about 97 million new roles will emerge with artificial intelligence.
How Artificial Intelligence Developing? The famous futurist Yuval Harari
However, in addition to creating new business opportunities, artificial intelligence will likely change the “nature of work.” For example, as more routine tasks become automated, employees will focus on more strategic, creative, or customer-facing maybe functions that require human skills such as empathy, reasoning, and problem-solving. These new jobs will also require critical thinking, creativity and emotional intelligence. This shift can lead to a greater emphasis on social skills that are more difficult to automate or robotic.
For this reason, it is critical that individuals and businesses that want to get ahead of the competition in the future adapt to this change. The famous futurist Yuval Harari puts it quite strikingly: “The danger is that if we don’t focus too much on developing artificial intelligence and invest in developing human consciousness, the complex artificial intelligence of computers can only serve to reinforce the natural idiot stupidity of humans…”
As well as who developed AI, how it is developed stands out as an important topic of discussion.
Last week, more than a thousand technology leaders and researchers, including Elon Musk, called on AI labs to halt their development processes and said in an open letter that “A.I. poses deep risks to society and humanity.” The letter was published by the Future of Life Institute, a nonprofit focused on investigating the existential risks to humanity that has long warned of the dangers of artificial intelligence.
Stanford Institute for Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence
The letter states that those developing AI are “locked in an out-of-control race to develop and bring to market more powerful digital minds where no one can predict and safely control its trajectory.” It also underlines that “there is a lack of regulation for the widespread adoption of the technology, as well as a large number of unknowns and a very serious corporate irresponsibility,” and that A.I. systems should only proceed “when we are confident that their impact will be positive and their risks will be manageable.” Experts also worry that these systems could be misused to spread disinformation much more quickly and effectively than in the past.
On the one hand, there is a broad awareness and curiosity towards AI, starting with ChatGPT; On the other hand, while the effort to raise awareness about the race, which is not so fast and goal-oriented, is rightly going on, last week a report on the status of artificial intelligence in the world was published by Stanford University, one of the most successful and leading universities in the world, which I frequently visit and examine the work of.
According to the report, 2022 is a year in which, considering the last 10 years, AI investments have declined for the first time, but it has been a year in which it has significantly increased its importance and place in politics, industry, academia and society.
How Artificial Intelligence Developing? AI models
“Politicians and legislators are debating and putting AI on the agenda at a level never before. Organizations that have started to benefit from AI in their businesses are observing significant revenue increases as well as providing cost advantages. As expected in all this limelight, AI research, AI-focused articles and publications continue to increase in academia. In society, opinions on AI have started to become more prominent and some concrete judgments have started to form about AI.”
However, the dramatic shift in the rollout of artificial intelligence models is also highlighted in the report. While the academic world led the development of large models until a few years ago, now industrial organizations have taken this responsibility. In addition, the very rapid spread of artificial intelligence is one of the highlights of this year:
“Throughout 2022 and until today in 2023, new, large-scale AI models have been released every month.” However, when we think of AI services that are widely used and spread all over the world, these services are being developed by a few big tech giants that can be described as “quite a few”, which is a critical issue that needs to be especially focused on…
Other highlights of this year’s Stanford AI report include:
Artificial intelligence research is on the rise.
AI publications have more than doubled since 2010. “Pattern recognition”, machine learning and image processing are among the topics that attract the attention of academia and lead the research.
China holds the lead in AI-focused publications and conferences. However, it’s important to note that more than half (54 percent) of the world’s leading AI languages and models are developed by American institutions. On the other hand, until 2014, the most advanced machine learning models were being developed in academia. After this year, the private sector took the leap. It’s no surprise that more advanced AI applications are being developed by industry, as a result of the fact that generally accepted and well-performing AI systems require a significant amount of data, processing power, investment and resources.
How Artificial Intelligence Developing? Launched GPT
The amount of investment required to develop large language models is also increasing. Launched in 2019, GPT-2, which is stated as the first major language model developed by many authorities and makes use of 1.5 billion parameters, cost 50 thousand US dollars. PaLM, which was launched in 2022 and has again taken its place among the important language models, uses 540 billion parameters and is estimated to cost 8 million US dollars.
2022 will see applications such as DALL-E2 and Stable Diffusion that create images from text; It has been a year in which applications such as Make-A-Video, which creates video from text, and ChatGPT-style chatbots, which have recently become a must for every chat, have been widely adopted. However, because these systems are still evolving, he is sometimes prone to hallucinations, confidently giving incoherent or unrealistic responses; Therefore, it is necessary to know that it is not reliable enough to use it in critical applications.
AI systems are becoming more flexible
Traditionally, AI systems have performed well on more narrow tasks, but not on a wide range of tasks. The recently launched new models are candidates to eliminate this inference, because they can perform multiple tasks (images, languages, text) at the same time.
While AI supports applications that will protect nature, the resources required for AI to develop are harming nature…
Research reveals that AI systems can have serious environmental impacts. The development of BLOOM causes 25 times more carbon emissions than a passenger on a plane flying from New York to San Francisco. On the other hand, BCOOLER-style “reinforcement learning”-based AI systems protect nature by optimizing energy use. AI could also potentially help reduce emissions. In 2022, Google subsidiary DeepMind created an artificial intelligence system called BCOOLER that reduces energy consumption by 12.7 percent by optimizing cooling procedures in the company’s data centers.
AI is also being used to develop better AI
Nvidia uses its “reinforcement learning” system to design the chips that power its AI systems. Self-learning AI is accelerating development in this area.
As a result of the introduction of creative models into everyday life, ethical problems also arise.
Although these models are very useful and useful, they also bring about a number of ethical problems. While visual creation platforms from text have gender biases; ChatGPT-style chatbots are likely to support bad trends…
The number of incidents related to the abuse of artificial intelligence is also growing rapidly
According to the AIAAIC database, which tracks incidents related to the ethical misuse of artificial intelligence, the number of discussions of artificial intelligence has increased 26-fold since 2012. Some of the major events in 2022 include the “deepfake video” of Ukrainian President Zelenskyy‘s surrender and the call-tracing technology that U.S. prisons have applied to inmates.
The United States continues to lead the way in artificial intelligence investments
The AI focus area with the most investment in 2022 was medicine and healthcare ($6.1 billion); followed by data management and processing, the cloud ($5.9 billion) and Fintech ($5.5 billion).
AI is being used for different purposes in the corporate world.
AI applications that are beginning to be used in businesses include robotic process automation (39 percent), computer vision (34 percent), natural language processing and text understanding (33 percent), and virtual customer service officials (33 percent). The most widely adopted AI applications in 2022 are service operations optimization (24 percent), the creation of new AI-based products (20 percent), customer segmentation (19 percent), customer analytics (19 percent), and the enhancement of products with new AI (19 percent).
The legal world’s interest in artificial intelligence is also increasing.
Bills involving artificial intelligence have increased from just one in 2016 to 37 in 2022. In 2022, roughly seven times more AI-related lawsuits were filed in United States state and federal courts than in 2016. Most of these cases were issues related to civil law, intellectual property, and contract law.
How Artificial Intelligence Developing? Men develop artificial intelligence!
In 2021, 78.7 percent of recent graduates who received their doctorates in AI were men. The gender imbalance in AI education persists, which creates a significant barrier to the development of AI independently of prejudices. In this regard, we will soon start a study with the Association of Women in Technology with my suggestion in order to increase the number of AI-oriented women engineers and experts working in our country…
There are different reasons for excitement and concern towards AI
According to a study conducted in the United States, those who are excited about artificial intelligence say that they are excited about it because it makes life and society better (31 percent) and because of its potential to save time and make things more efficient (13 percent). Those who were worried were afraid of losing their jobs (19 percent); They are concerned about surveillance, hacking and digital privacy (16 percent) and the lack of human connectivity (12 percent).
AI is fundamentally changing the way we live, work and socialize. In the coming period, artificial intelligence is a candidate to reshape the knowledge economy by automating or improving some of the tasks currently performed by humans. In a period when artificial intelligence enters every field and affects the world, we need to think about how to take our business forward by using artificial intelligence or how to develop different and useful applications…